Printer is an output device, which provides the result obtained by the computer or softcopy as hardcopy by printing it on the page, the quality of the printer is measured in dot per inch. And the speed of the printer is measured in character per second, page per minute, line per minute. In this article, we will learn about the history of printers. If you want to know about the printer in detail then you can click on the link given below.
History of Computer Printer
let’s know computer printer history About this
- The first mechanical printer was designed by Charles Babbage in 1837.
- This printer was used with the difference engine.
- The difference engine was created by Charles Babbage on 14 June 1822.
- Typewriter can be defined as a precursor to keyboard and printer.
- The first typewriter was invented in 1868 by Christopher Sholes. It was built with a QWERTY keyboard to help with blind writing.
- On July 14, 1868, Sholes got a patent for this typewriter.
- The first high-speed printer was developed in 1953 by Remington-Rand. It was designed to be used with UNIVAC (Universal Automatic Computer) computers.
Note : UNIVAC computer was developed by American electrical engineer & computer scientist John Adam Presper Eckert Jr. was developed by on 31 March 1951.
- In 1957 IBM made the first Dot Matrix printer.
- Alternatively Dot matrix printers are also known as pin printers.
- In this type of printer, small hundreds / thousands of dots are used to create an image or text.
- Due to low quality images and slow print speed, dot matrix printers are used very rarely in the present time.
- The Shinshu Seiki Company (now Epson) created the first electronic mini-printer in 1968.
- The EP-101 was the first electronic printer used to print a symbol or figure.
- The first dot matrix impact printer was developed in 1970 by Centronics Data Computer Corporation, a US-based company that makes computers and printers.
- A print head was used for printing in this printer by including a seven-wire solenoid impact system.
- Gary Starkweather, working at Xerox Corporation, developed the first laser printer by modifying the Xerox Model-7000 copier.
- This printer was properly developed and released in 1971.
Note:- XEROX Corporation was established in 1906. It provides Commercial/Business Product solutions for printers, copiers, scanners, faxing machines and other related products.
- The first Thermal Printer became available in the market around 1972.
- It was primarily designed for use in portable machines and retail stores.
- In addition, this printer was also used to create labels, safety signs, wayfinding markers, barcodes, shipping labels and other heavily-used items.
- The first inkjet printer was developed by Hewlett-Packard (HP) in 1976.
- When this printer was developed, it was rarely used.
- Inkjet printers did not become more popular until the 1980s.
NOTE: Founded on 1 January 1939 by William Hewlett and David Packard, Hewlett-Packard (hp) is one of the world’s largest manufacturers of computer and peripheral devices. Apart from these products, measurement instruments are also produced by HP.
- The IBM-3800 printing system was designed by IBM in 1976. It was the first high-speed laser printer to provide commercially best service.
- Siemens developed the first DOD (Drop-on-Demand) inkjet printer in 1977. The DOD printer sprays ink on the page as needed.
- Due to the drop system, its printing speed is very slow.
- Therefore it cannot be used in web-fed technology such as industrial applications. This printer is more suitable for home or official work.
- Japanese camera and optics company Canon created the first low-cost semiconductor desktop laser beam printer, the Canon LBP-10.
- But the Canon company did not have experience selling this printer to computer users, so Canon sought partnerships with three Silicon Valley companies: Diablo Data Systems, Hewlett-Packard (HP), and Apple Computer. Of these, the Diablo Data Systems company rejected this offer of partnership with Canon.
- In 1984, Hewlett-Packard launched its first laser printer, the HP Laser Jet.
- Talking about the size of this printer, it was quite suitable as compared to the earlier printers and fits perfectly on a desktop.
- In the same year, HP also launched its first thermal inkjet printer, the HP-ThinkJet.
- In 1988 Hewlett-Packard introduced another new HP DeskJet inkjet printer. At that time this printer was sold for $ 1000. It was the first mass-marketing or commercial inkjet printer.
- After the success of this printer, the printers became even more popular in the market and a series of use of printers started on a large scale.
- In 1988, Scott Crump created a technology called FDM (fused deposition modeling), and he patented his technology in the same year.
- FDM technology is used in many of today’s modern 3D printers.
- In this technique, mainly ABS (Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene) thermoplastic filament is used for common printing which is heated to its melting point.
- After this, this filament is taken out layer-by-layer to make a three-dimensional object.
- Stratasys, Inc., an American-Israeli company that manufactures 3D printers. made its first 3D printer available in the market in 1992.
- FDM technology was used in this printer.
- This printer was named after the company’s co-founder S. Scott Crump. Patented in 1992 by
- S. Scott Crump on FDM (fused deposition modeling) in 2009. The patent has expired.
- An open-source-development community “RepRap” was created to use this technology.
- RepRap partnered with other commercial companies and used FDM technology to create new 3D printers.